# IR9 Question 23 2021 provisional tax

The 2021 provisional tax is charged for income the organisation will earn in the 2021 income year. It’s payable in instalments. If the organisation’s 2020 residual income tax (RIT) is:

• \$2,500 or less, it doesn’t have to pay provisional tax, but it can make voluntary payments

• more than \$2,500 but expected to be \$2,500 or less for 2021, it may estimate 2021 provisional tax at nil

• more than \$2,500 and expected to be more than \$2,500 for 2021, it must pay 2021 provisional tax using one of the payment options.

If you anticipate your RIT will exceed \$2,500 for the 2021 year, read the notes on interest—see Interest. You may be liable for interest from your first provisional tax instalment date.

All clubs or societies may choose one of the following three options to work out their provisional tax:

 Standard option If you use this option, write S in Box 23 of the return and the amount of 2021 provisional tax in Box 23A.For unincorporated organisations, 2021 provisional tax is the 2020 RIT plus 5%. If the 2020 return has not been filed, it will be 2019 RIT plus 10%.For incorporated organisations, 2021 provisional tax is the 2020 RIT plus 5%. If the 2020 return has not been filed, it will be 2019 RIT plus 10%. Estimation option An organisation can estimate its 2021 provisional tax as many times as it wants to up to and including its final instalment date. If the 2021 RIT is expected to be lower than its 2020 RIT, estimating may stop it from paying more provisional tax than it has to.If the organisation estimates its provisional tax, write E in Box 23 on the return and the amount of 2021 provisional tax in Box 23A. An estimate must be “fair and reasonable” at each instalment it applies to if you use the estimation option. Read the notes on the not taking reasonable care penalty and interest at Not taking reasonable care penalty. Remember, when making your estimate, that incorporated and unincorporated bodies have different tax rates.Incorporated bodies use the tax rate of 28%. For unincorporated bodies, see the tax rates at IR9 Question 20 Tax calculation. Ratio option If you’re using the ratio option and select E at Box 23, you’re electing to stop using this option. If the club or society is GST registered, you may qualify to use the ratio option to calculate your provisional tax.Only enter R at Box 23 if you’ve already elected to use the ratio option. You must apply in writing to use the ratio option before the beginning of the income year you want to use it in.If you’ve already elected to use the ratio option and want to continue using it, enter R at Box 23.You’ll find more information about the ratio option in the guide Provisional tax (IR289).
Not taking reasonable care penalty

When you estimate the organisation’s 2021 provisional tax, your estimate must be fair and reasonable. If the 2021 RIT is greater than the provisional tax paid, the organisation may be liable for not taking reasonable care and a penalty of 20% of the underpaid provisional tax will apply.

Interest

If the organisation has paid too much provisional tax, Inland Revenue pay interest, or if it hasn’t paid enough provisional tax, Inland Revenue charge interest.

Interest the organisation pays is tax deductible, while interest Inland Revenue pay is taxable income.

Election to be a provisional tax payer

A club or society is a provisional tax payer for the 2020 year if its RIT for that year is more than \$2,500. If the 2020 RIT is \$2,500 or less, but the club or society paid provisional tax for the year, it may elect to be a provisional tax payer for 2020. This may affect the interest the organisation may be entitled to for 2020.

To elect to be a provisional tax payer for the 2020 year, attach a note to the front of the 2020 return.

Change in balance date

There are special rules about when provisional tax is due and how interest is calculated if there has been a change in balance date. You’ll find more information about these rules in the guide Provisional tax (IR289).

Tax Pooling

Tax pooling allows provisional tax payers to pool provisional tax payments, offsetting underpayments by overpayments within the same pool, reducing possible exposure to late payment penalties and use-of-money interest. The pooling arrangement is made through a commercial intermediary, who arranges for participating taxpayers to be charged or compensated for the offset.